Zoé's Blorp Devices

Dwyfor Tech Pas-Isel construction

The Pas-Isel low-pass filter is the first Eurorack module designed by Dwyfor Tech. It is sold as either a full DIY kit, or just the PCB and front panel. I bought the basic self-source set, considering that I already had most of the parts to build it in stock. It is designed mostly with very common parts, which make the DIY option affordable for anyone who has been accumulating tubes of TL074 op-amps over time.

Sourcing the materials

The original bill of materials indicates part numbers for Mouser and Thonk. However, when I purchase from those vendors, the package goes across borders. That leads to longer delivery times and that usually triggers significant duty charges. On the other hand, I'm confident that I can source most parts from Digi-Key, who offer free shipping with all duties paid. The Alpha potentiometers and trimmers still need to be purchased from Thonk as no alternatives are available.

Equivalences and substitutions

Every metal film resistor has been replaced from parts with a 600 mW power rating to 250 mW. The resistors that need to carry more current are probably the voltage dividers on the control board, and those will never have to dissipate over 100 mW. The 250 mW (often referred to as 1/4 W) have been much more common in my past projects.

The attributes of the 22 pF ceramic capacitor were not specified, but anything with a C0G temperature coefficient and 5 mm between leads seemed like an appropriate choice. I used whatever I had in stock for the 100 nF decoupling capacitors. However, the exact part number has been lost long ago.

The 1 nF film capacitors I had in stock were the classic AVX yellow boxes. I still have those in large quantity for a wide range of values. I'm glad I can get some to be used in a project. However, they are now obsolete and have been replaced by equivalent parts from EPCOS. I have specified those replacements in the bill of materials below.

The power header has been replaced by a keyed shrouded header. It barely touches the yellow box capacitor next to it. This is the part I already had in stock, so there was no reason to source a non-keyed header. Be aware that this might increase the required depth of the module.

The 1N5819 Schottky diode have been replaced by 1N5818. The reverse voltage is 30 V instead of 40 V, which will still allow adequate protection. I used whatever ferrite beads I had in stock, which is now obsolete and unavailable. I would suggest looking for other, potentially more appropriate options.

At the time of placing the order at Thonk for the potentiometers, the 100 kΩ trimmer potentiometers went out of stock. Synthcube didn't have any left in stock, either. Other places would sell them, but at ridiculous prices when delivery was added to the price. After having shared my frustration on the Winterbloom discord server, we agreed that the 50 kΩ potentiometer would probably play the role correctly.

On the audio jacks, I mounted hex instead of knurled nuts.

I strongly do not recommend substituting the TL074 op-amp ICs with SM74HC04. For some reason, they do not handle 24 V between some pins very well. This is what happens when a tube has been placed in the wrong anti-static back (maybe 15 years ago), I'm sick, and my brain is foggy. Again, strongly not recommended.

Bill of materials

Heavily influenced by the Winterbloom Helium self-source guide, here's an alternative bill of materials for Pas-Isel:

Main board

The main board of Pas-Isel, IC sockets still empty

Reference Value & Rating Qty Part no Digi-Key
C1, C2 10µF 35V/±20% 2 Panasonic ECE-A1VKS100 P980-ND
C3, C4, C6, C7, C9, C10 100nF 50V/±5%/X7R 6 various
C5, C11, C13, C15 22pF 50V/±5%/C0G 4 Vishay K220J10C0GF5UH5 BC5230CT-ND
C8, C12, C14, C16 1n 63V/±5% 4 EPCOS B32529C0102J000 495-10910ND
R1, R3, R10, R12 47kΩ 250mW/±1% 4 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-47K 13-MFR-25FTE52-47KCT-ND
R2 10kΩ 250mW/±1% 1 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-10K 13-MFR-25FTE52-10KCT-ND
R4, R8, R13, R17 2.2kΩ 250mW/±1% 4 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-2K2 13-MFR-25FTE52-2K2CT-ND
R5-R7, R9, R11, R15, R16, R18 100kΩ 250mW/±1% 8 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-100K 13-MFR-25FTE52-100KCT-ND
R14 150kΩ 250mW/±1% 1 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-150K 13-MFR-25FTE52-150KCT-ND
FB1, FB2 - 2 Murata BL01RN1A1F1J 490-10999-2-ND
D1, D2 Schottky 30V/1A 2 Vishay 1N5818-E3/73 112-1N5818-E3/73CT-ND
D3-D16 1N4148 14 MCC 1N4148-TP 1N4148-TPMSTR-ND
U1-U3 TL074 3 TI TL074IN 296-7200-5-ND
J1, J3 1x4 2.54 Header 2 Samtec TLW10405TS SAM1099-04-ND
J2 2x5 2.54mm IDC Header 1 Würth 61201021621 732-2094-ND
RV1 100kΩ 25-turn Trimmer 1 Bourns 3266W-1-104 3266W-104-ND

Control board

Reference Value & Rating Qty Part no Digi-Key
C1, C2 1µF 63V/±5% 2 EPCOS B32529C0105J0000 495-1119-ND
R1, R2 150kΩ 250mW/±1% 2 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-150K 13-MFR-25FTE52-150KCT-ND
R3, R5 100kΩ 250mW/±1% 2 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-100K 13-MFR-25FTE52-100KCT-ND
R4 68kΩ 250mW/±1% 1 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-68K 13-MFR-25FTE52-68KCT-ND
R6 22kΩ 250mW/±1% 1 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-22K 13-MFR-25FTE52-22KCT-ND
R7 200kΩ 250mW/±1% 1 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-200K 13-MFR-25FTE52-200KCT-ND
R8 47kΩ 250mW/±1% 4 Yageo MFR-25FTE52-47K 13-MFR-25FTE52-47KCT-ND
J1-J3, J5 Audio jack 4 WQP-PJ398SM Available from Thonk
J4, J6 1x4 2.54mm Receptacle 2 Samtec SLW1040TS SAM1093-04-ND
RV1, RV2 50kΩ/Linear Trimmer potentiometer 2 Song Huiei R0904-B50K,L-25KQ Available from Thonk
RV3, RV4 100kΩ/Linear Potentiometer 2 Alpha RD901F-40-15R1-B100K Available from Thonk
RV5 100kΩ 25-turn Trimmer 1 Bourns 3296W-1-104 3296W-104-ND

Assembly hardware

Description Qty Part no Digi-Key
M3 0.250" Standoff 5 Essentra MTS-6 RPC4428-ND
M3 Screw 10 Würth 97790403111 732-13702-ND

Building the module

After reading all the steps from the build guide, I assumed it was safe to solder every passive component on both boards first, then thoroughly clean up all the water-soluble flux. I could then solder the potentiometers and jacks with no-clean solder, and finally inserting the ICs into the sockets.

Instead of using the excellent rubber band method for assembling the panel components, I screwed hex nuts on the potentiometers and some audio jacks. It works just as well because the board connectors are solid enough to prevent the PCBs and front panel from separating.

Final steps

My test setup has everything I need to power up a single module easily with Winterbloom Micronova Eurorack power supply and a Joranalogue Test 3 module. The initial test and the calibration procedure turned out to be tricky to perform because I'm not prepared to hook a signal from an output jack into the oscilloscope. A couple test points would have certainly helped here. I cut a Cre8audio cable (sorry, they're just not great) open and attached the oscilloscope probe to the wires. I yet have to calibrate the V/oct pitch control, but that shouldn't be too difficult if I patch it from a Mutant Brain.